These types of examination can sometimes be related to handwriting examinations with the primary difference being that it is the document itself that is being subject to examination, as opposed to the handwriting features.

Examples of document examination include:

  1. Using ESDA to highlight indented handwriting, which is handwriting that appears as an indentation on a piece of paper or document which had been immediately below another piece of paper / document when the latter had been written on.
  2. Has a section of a document been mechanically erased and can it be established what the text had originally been?
  3. Using VSC equipment to establish if a document has been altered by the addition of text, or over-writing of text.

Our experts can undertake such examinations and prepare expert reports dealing with our findings.